Phonics

Phonics Lesson Set


Vowels


a e i o u


Consonants


bcdghjklmnpqrstwxyz


bd

cskqx (z)

mn

lr

fv

gjz

hpt

wy




Digraphs


sh ch

th th

wh ck ph ng

ai ay

ei ey

oi oy

oo oo

ou ow

ee ea

au aw

oa ow


Magic e

_a/e/i/o/u_e








Lesson 1: Vowels and 3-letter Words

a e i o u


Names of the letters:


A = ay

E = ee

I = ai

O = oh

U = yu


hat het hit hot hut


a as in hat (not hot)

e as in bet (not bit or beet) wide mouth

i as in hit (not heet or het) narrow mouth

o as in hot (not hat or hut)

u as in hut (not hot, hat, or hoot) deeper in the throat than “o”



Three-letter words


“a” words (short a)
bad bag bat cap

cab cat fad fat

fax gag gap gas

had hag hat has

lad lap mad map

mat max nap pad

pat rag rat sad

sag sap sat tag

tap tax wag


ban can fan jam

man pan ran tan

van


‘i‘ words (short i)

bib bid big
bin bit did
dig dim din
dip fig fin
fit fix gig
hid him hip
his hit ink
jig jim kid
lid lip lit
mix nib nip
pig pin pip
pit rib rim
rip sin sip
sit six tin
tip wig win
wit zip
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ji4_IzGrDsw















‘o‘ words (short o)

bob bog box
boy cod cog
cop cot dog
dot fog for
fox god got
hog hop hot
job jog log
lop lot mod
mop nod not
owl pod pop
pot rod rot
sod top tow


‘e‘ words (short e)

bed beg ben
bet den egg
end fed fen
get hem hen
her jet keg
led leg let
meg men net
peg pen pet
red set ted
ten wed wet


‘u‘ words (short u)

bug bun bus
but cup cut
dug fun gum
gun gut hug
hum hut jug
mud mug nun
nut pug put
rug run sum
sun tub tug



Lesson 2: b and d


b (mouth is closed) starts with a line

d (mouth is open with the tongue stopping the sound) starts with a circle


bog bug cub lab

dog dug cud lad


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hkZG8wDBxp4





Lesson 3: cskqx (z)


C: two sounds

Circus -> S: song, silly

Cat, cut -> K: black, king

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSewAlUtAaA


Q: not common

q = k

qu = kw


queen, quick


X:

at the end, x = ks

at the beginning, x = z


box fox pox

xylophone




Lesson 4: mn


m: always close your lips

n: always open your lips, usually teeth closed



man mop

nam nop


mom

non



Lesson 5: lr


l: mouth open, tongue behind the teeth. You may stick out the tongue a bit. Don't stop the air with your tongue. Keep it at the bottom of your mouth and move your jaw down.

r: do not move the tongue


Don't overthink it. Keep the cheeks in, and use plenty of air.


laugh

raft



Lesson 6: fv


f: bite your lower lip with your teeth and blow (unvoiced)

v: same as f, but voiced (do not close your lips)


fat roof leaf wolf

vat rooves leaves wolves




Consonants


cskqx

mn

lr

fv

gjz

hpt

wy




Digraphs


sh ch

th th

wh ck ph ng

ai ay

ei ey

oi oy

oo oo

ou ow

ee ea

au aw

oa ow


Magic e

_a/e/i/o/u_e